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Glossary of Wax Terms

Glossary of Wax Terms

Secreted by bees and used to construct their honeycombs.

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Wax from the leaves of the Candelilla shrub (“little candle.”) The plants forms clusters of wax-covered stems, and are traditionally harvested to extract the thick wax coating.

Wax from on the lower surfaces of Carnauba palm leaves.

Congealing Point
Wax property that measures the temperature at which wax begins to “set.” Close to the solid state.

Cottonseed Wax
Wax made from hydrogenated cottonseed oil.
Crude Wax
Unrefined mixture that still contains a high percentage of oil. Used for the manufacture of scale wax and paraffin wax.

The physical forms in which bulk wax is processed for packaging, including pastilles, slabs, or liquid bulk.

Hydrogenated Triglyceride/Tallow
Waxy solids from the hydrogenation of oils and fats from animals.

Melting point, Melt Points
The measure of the temperature at which wax becomes liquid.

Type of wax derived from refining heavy distillates from lubricating oil. Properties include finer and less apparent crystalline structure and complex branched hydrocarbons.

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Mineral Wax
A waxlike mineral resin that is a mixture of hydrocarbons found in connection with certain deposits of rock salt, coal, or petroleum.

Natural Wax
Waxes derived from plants, insects, and animals.

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Needle Penetration
A test performed to measure the physical hardness of wax.

Wax derived from hydrogenating palm oil.

A wax derived from refining light to medium lubricating oil, can be refined to be nearly colorless and odorless. Properties include solid straight-chain hydrocarbons.

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Format of small wax beads.

Petrolatum is the wax byproduct of heavy lubricating oil, and is filtered and blended to petroleum jelly. Properties include a semi-solid mixture of hydrocarbons.

Petroleum wax
Petroleum waxes are carbon based, derived from decomposed or fossilized organic matter. Separated from lubricating oil by vacuum distillation. Include Paraffin, Microcrystalline, and Petrolatum.

Vegetable wax from the hydrogenation and partial hardening of rapeseed oil.

A format of bulk wax processed into rectangular sheets.

Slack wax
Unrefined crude wax containing a fairly high percentage of oil.

Soy Wax
Partially hydrogenated soybean oil.

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Synthetic Wax
Manmade, composed from natural gas or ethylene.

Waxy solids from the hydrogenation of oils and fats from animals.

Vegetable Waxes
Waxes found on the leaves, stems, or fruits of some plants to protect from water loss.

Measure of a liquid’s resistance to flow.