Waxipedia

Wax properties

While wax comes from many sources, it shares these common properties:

  • Solid at ambient temperature
  • Liquid at higher temperatures, characterized by melting points
  • Insoluble in water, repels water

Sources of wax

Mineral and petroleum waxes are carbon based, derived from decomposed or fossilized organic matter. Animal and vegetable waxes are natural secretions of plants, animals and insects. Synthetic waxes are manmade, composed from natural gas or ethylene.

Petroleum waxes

  • Paraffin waxes
    • Fully refined paraffin wax
    • Semi refined paraffin wax
    • Rubber wax
  • Microcrystalline waxes
    • Microcrystalline wax
    • Petrolatum

Mineral waxes

  • Lignite, Montan waxes
  • Peat
  • Ozocerite

Animal waxes

  • Beeswax
  • Lanolin
  • Tallow

Vegetable waxes

  • Carnauba
  • Candelilla
  • Soy

Synthetic waxes

  • Fatty acid amide waxes
  • Polyolefin waxes
  • Fischer-Tropsch waxes
  • Polar synthetic waxes